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2020年12月12日六級聽力考試解析

Source: 恒星英語學習網    2020-12-12  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

本次六級聽力話題較四級聽力更復雜,涉及用戶投訴、人工智能、個人理財、穿著與工作、占有與幸福、說謊研究以及音樂品味與年齡關系研究這幾個話題。男子英音,女子美音。語速適中,題目難度偏大,出現較多難聽懂的高難度詞匯,如,bizarre(異乎尋常的),irrespective(不考慮的,無關的),dividends(股息,紅利),admittedly(誠然,無可否認),ruthlessly(無情地,冷庫地,殘忍地),forfeit(喪失,被沒收),fabricate(捏造),detriment(損害,傷害),intuitive(直觀的),crystallize(使……變明確),aversion(厭惡,反感)

本次六級聽力題目多數要求學生對自己聽到的信息進行理解加工,看選項時能夠做到同義替換,對學生詞匯量的考察,歸納總結能力以及理解能力都有很大的考驗。

主要出題點如下:
1. 文章開頭。例如,短文1,Question 9:What are people under 30 advised to do to achieve financial security?(為了實現財務安全,作者建議30歲以下的人應該做什么?)的答案來自文章開頭第二句:If you are under 30 years old, your goal should be to save 20% of your monthly income after tax deductions.(如果你不到30歲,你的目標應該是每月省下來你稅后收入的20%。)再如,短文2,Question 12:What do we learn about the speaker when she first started her job?(當說話人剛開始工作的時候,我們能得知什么?)答案來自文章開頭第二句:However, when I first started my job, occasionally I’d catch a glimpse of myself in the lifts, and find myself thinking that I looked a total mess.(然而,當我剛開始工作的時候,我常常會在電梯鏡子里無意中注意到自己的影子,并且覺得自己看起來很糟糕。)

2. 文章結尾。例如,對話1中Question 4:What did the woman say she would do at the end of the conversation?(在對話結束,女人說她將會做什么?)的答案句來自文章最后兩句話:I’ve already spoken to him and you can tell him I’m furious now and that your company has a lawsuit on its hands. You will be hearing from my lawyer. Goodbye.(我已經跟他說過了,你可以告訴她我生氣極了,還有你們公司手頭有訴訟要處理了。我的律師將會聯系你們,再見。┰偃,演講2后面的Question 21:What does the speaker think of the researchers’ findings?(說話人認為研究者的發現如何?)的答案句來自文章末尾的The findings seem intuitive to me.(這些發現似乎對我來說很直觀。)這句話。又如,演講3后面的Question 25:What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?(什么能解釋人們在青春期聽的歌曲很難忘也備受他們鐘愛這個事實?)的答案來自于文章的整個最后一段:Psychology research has shown that the emotions that we experience as teens seem more intense than those that come later. And we also know that intense emotions are associated with stronger memories and preferences. Both of these might explain why the songs we listen to during this period become so memorable and beloved.(心理研究表明,我們青春期經歷的感情比今后的更激烈。而且,我們也知道,激烈的感情與深刻的記憶里和愛好有直接關系。這兩點都可能解釋為什么我們青春期所聽的歌曲會變得令人難忘,備受鐘愛。)

3. 提示詞。例如,短文2,Question 12:What do we learn about the speaker when she first started her job?(當說話人剛開始工作的時候,我們能得知什么?)的答案句——However, when I first started my job, occasionally I’d catch a glimpse of myself in the lifts, and find myself thinking that I looked a total mess. ——之前,存在明顯的轉折提示詞However;又如,短文2,Question 13:Why were uniforms are invented according to the speaker?(作者認為人們為什么發明制服?)答案所在句——But no one can be unique with their outfit every day. I mean that’s why uniforms were invented.(但是沒有人能夠讓他們每天穿的衣服都顯得很特殊。我意思是,這就是為什么人們發明了制服。)——其中出現了明顯原因提示詞that's why;再如,演講2,Question 19:What did the team of scientists find in their study?(科學家團隊在他們的研究中發現了什么?)的答案句——they found that 12% of respondents reported the distance they drove as less than the actual figure, giving an average answer of 384 miles.(他們發現12%的問題回答者都會上報小于自己實際里程數的數據,平均只有384英里。)——之前有很明顯的提示詞組With surprising results。

主要考點如下:
1. 細節定位。例如,長對話1后Question 2:What is the problem the woman’s family encountered?(女人家里遇到了什么問題?),又如,Question 9:What are people under 30 advised to do to achieve financial security?(為了實現財務安全,作者建議30歲以下的人應該做什么?)
2. 主旨概括。比如,長對話2,Question 5:What do we learn about the speakers from the conversation?(從這個對話當中,我們能了解到說話人什么?)再如,演講1后面的Question 18:What do we learn about the items in the speaker's home?(我們能夠得知關于說話人家里的物品的什么信息?)又如,演講3后面的Question 22:What does the speaker mainly discuss in this talk?(在這篇講話中,說話人主要討論了什么?)

3. 原因考察。比如,長對話1,Question 3:What has caused the so-called “bizarre technical detail” according to the man?(男人認為,什么導致了所謂的“特殊技術細節”?),又如,短文2,Question 13: Why were uniforms are invented according to the speaker?(作者認為人們為什么發明制服?)再如,演講3后面的Question 25:What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?(什么能解釋人們在青春期聽的歌曲很難忘也備受他們鐘愛這個事實?)

4. 信息推測。例如,演講1后Question 4:What did the woman say she would do at the end of the conversation?(在對話結束,女人說她將會做什么?)這道題的答案(女人講提起訴訟。)需要根據女人所說的最后幾句話推測得來——I’ve already spoken to him and you can tell him I’m furious now and that your company has a lawsuit on its hands. You will be hearing from my lawyer. Goodbye.(我已經跟他說過了,你可以告訴她我生氣極了,還有你們公司手頭有訴訟要處理了。我的律師將會聯系你們,再見。


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